LSWR/SR Adams T3 4-4-0


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To complete


Etched nickel silver frames, motion and brass superstructure

Lost wax, whitemetal and turned fittings

Flexichas suspension

Non-working, ‘dummy’ inside motion

Designed by Martin Finney

 Kit to convert to working Stephenson's link valve gear - IM24


 Adams 3300 gallon tender


Driving: 6'7" diameter 22-spoke

Leading: 3’7" diameter 10 spoke

(Ultrascale, Alan Gibson, Markits)

 Motor / Portescap RG4C (1616); alternative is Mashima 1024
 Gearbox High Level Load Hauler Plus.

This kit for William Adams’ famous T3 class of express 4-4-0s, features many alternative parts to enable models to built representing the locomotives in their original Victorian elegance through to their final days in the 1940s.

The twenty locomotives, which form the subject of this kit, were to the design of William Adams for the LSWR. Numbered 557-76 they were built at Nine Elms in 1892/93. They were attached to Adams 3300 gallon tenders.

Most were withdrawn between October 1930 and August 1933 but two, 563 and 571, survived into the 1940s, No.563 being the last to stop working in August 1945. No.563 is preserved and largely restored to its original condition in the Adams livery.

Download the instructions

Variations/Modifications incorporated into the kit

When built flush rivets were used for constructing the running plate and above. Over the years many were replaced with snap headed rivets.

Splashers: Originally the main splashers and coupling rod splashers were adorned with a brass beading.  This was removed in Dugald Drummond’s time.

Chimney: When built the locomotives had built up Adams stove pipe chimneys. These were replaced from May 1900 by Dugald Drummond, with own his distinctive design.

Smokebox door: The original Adams doors were gradually replaced with Drummond doors.

Equalising beams and springs: Removed by Drummond from circa 1900. This involved fitting new spring anchors for the rear of the leading spring and the front of the trailing spring, similar to those used by Drummond on his own designs.

Three way lubricators: The small lubricators on the front of the splasher were soon removed, probably by 1900.

Whistles: Originally the locomotives had two whistles. The larger whistle was removed from circa 1903/1904.

Piston tail rods: Removed by Drummond from circa 1900.

Leading bogie wheel splasher: Removed by Drummond from circa 1900. The rear bogie wheel splashers were unaltered.

Cab roof: The original cab roofs were wooden. From circa 1900, they were replaced with steel roofs by Drummond.

Safety chains: When built the engines were fitted with safety chains. These were gradually removed during Drummond’s time.

Lamp brackets: The locomotives were built with Adams socket style brackets. Drummond added extra socket brackets to his design over the buffers. The SR standardised on a design with the socket in the lamp. Many tenders had the Adams and Drummond brackets adapted to accept the standard lamps but some of the later survivors were fitted with new brackets of standard design.

Smokeboxes: When smokeboxes were renewed by the Southern Railway the flush riveting was often replaced by visible snap head rivets.

Couplings: The engines, in their early years, ran with a single long coupling link, although some carry two further links. Much later they were equipped with screw couplings together with a hook to carry the coupling when it was not required.

Carriage heating pipes: From 1901 onwards the LSWR introduced steam carriage heating equipment. The buffer beam mounted connection was not fitted until later Southern Railway days the pipe being positioned outside the right side valence.

Coupling rods: When new the locomotives had fluted coupling rods. Many subsequently had the fluted rods replaced with rods of plain section.

Variations/Modifications not incorporated into the kit

Drummond boiler:
In April 1907 No. 568 was fitted with a new boiler of Drummond pattern with dome top safety valves. It ran with boiler until August 1925.

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